What is the definition of the Salat in the Quran? How should we observe it and is the Salat practiced today by millions of Muslims in agreement with the Quran Salat?
In accordance to 6:114 we must accept the Quran as the only source of law:
Shall I seek other than God as a law maker, when He has brought down to you this Book fully detailed? 6:114
God asserts that the Quran is fully detailed and contains everything we need in order to practice our religion:
We did not leave anything out of the Book. 6:38
We have brought the Book down to you providing explanations for all things. 16:89
He has brought down to you this Book fully detailed. 6:114
Saying that our beloved Prophet Muhammad Peace Be Upon Him said otherwise is wrong because it will be in direct conflict with the Quran verse “And the word of your Lord has been accomplished truly and justly; there is none who can change His words, and he is the hearing, the knowing.” – The Holy Quran 6:115
With that said if nothing is left out of the book, We did not leave anything out of the Book. 6:38 , and the book is fully detailed 6:114 and none can change his words 6:115 then the Prophet PBUH would never prescribe a Salat that is different from what is described in the Quran.
In spite of these clear Quranic words, it is sad that most Muslims still claim that the Quran does not include everything and that the Quran alone is insufficient. They are arrogantly arguing against God just as God describes them in the following verse:
We have diversified in this Quran all kinds of examples for the people, yet the human being is most argumentative. 18:54
They will say that the Quran speaks of the headlines only and that the details are to be found only in the hadith!
Note the words “all things” in 16:89 means all matters, big and small alike. The words “fully detailed” in 6:114 simply mean that the Quran contains all the details. It is necessary here to explain exactly what is meant by saying that the Quran contains all the details. The followers of hadith claim that the hadith contains many details that are not to be found in the Quran. This is quite true, however the absence of these details from the Quran is not because the Quran is not fully detailed, but because these details were never authorised by God. The Quran contains all the details that are authorised by God which we will be held accountable to. The followers of hadith have a wide collection of books which they highly cherish which contain all sorts of totally irrational details to say the least. The following verse includes a mockery about such behavior and a warning against such acts of idolatry:
Or do you have some book in which you are studying? Do you have in it whatever you choose? 68:37-38
Consequently, in accordance with 6:114 and other similar verses, all guidance can be derived from the Quran and nothing else.
Our dear beloved Prophet Muhammad only followed what was revealed to him, “Say, “I am not different from other messengers. I have no idea what will happen to me or to you. I only follow what is revealed to me. I am no more than a profound warner.” 46:9 . The only thing revealed to the Prophet was the Quran and if the the Quran was the only thing revealed to him then Salat is explained in the Quran.
The Quran states very clearly that the Prophet does not have the authority to alter God’s words or law, and that he is commanded to follow the Quran and nothing else (10:15, 5:48, 46:9). As a result, the above hadith would portray the Prophet as someone who was acting in violation of God’s commands when he changed the Salat laws which can never be true see the below Quran Proofs!
[10:15] When our revelations are recited to them, those who do not expect to meet us say, “Bring a Quran other than this, or change it!” Say, “I cannot possibly change it on my own. I simply follow what is revealed to me. I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the retribution of an awesome day.”
[5:48] Then we revealed to you this scripture, truthfully, confirming previous scriptures, and superseding them. You shall rule among them in accordance with GOD’s revelations, and do not follow their wishes if they differ from the truth that came to you. For each of you, we have decreed laws and different rites. Had GOD willed, He could have made you one congregation. But He thus puts you to the test through the revelations He has given each of you. You shall compete in righteousness. To GOD is your final destiny – all of you – then He will inform you of everything you had disputed.
[46:9] Say, “I am not different from other messengers. I have no idea what will happen to me or to you. I only follow what is revealed to me. I am no more than a profound warner.”
In the end your islam most be in complete accordance with Quran because that is true submission. You cannot violate any verse for other verses all most be one and all the verses comply with each other so if you see a practice that is in direct conflict with any Quran verse then you know it’s not from Allah nor is it guidance.
Pre-Requisites of Salat
This first pre-requisite is the conscious intention to establish contact with God Almighty. The believer does not need to utter an intention declaration as is commonly practiced, for God knows our intentions, we do not need to declare it. Also note the intention to observe the Salat cannot be present if one is under intoxication:
O you who believe, do not approach the Salat while intoxicated, until you know what you are saying. 4:43
O you who believe, when you rise to observe the Salat, you shall wash your faces and your arms to the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles. 5:6
After reading the above verse you will notice the Wudu some poeple perform is different from the Quran which is the incorrect way. That wudu is from a fake hadith which is slander against our beloved Prophet Muhammad Peace and blessings be upon him. He will never utter anything accept what is revealed to him, [10:15] When our revelations are recited to them, those who do not expect to meet us say, “Bring a Quran other than this, or change it!” Say, “I cannot possibly change it on my own. I simply follow what is revealed to me. I fear, if I disobey my Lord, the retribution of an awesome day.” and Allah said there’s no changing the word of Allah in the following verse. And the word of your Lord has been accomplished truly and justly; there is none who can change His words, and he is the hearing, the knowing.” 6: 115
With the revelation of the Quran, the Qibla has been set towards the Masjid Al-Haram (2:144). In addition, we are given a command to turn our faces towards the Masjid Al-Haram wherever we are when we observe the Salat (2:149-150):
And from wherever you set off, you shall turn your face towards the Masjid Al-Haram. This is the truth from your Lord and God is not unaware of what you do. 2:149
Indeed, from wherever you set off, you shall turn your face towards the Masjid Al-Haram, and wherever you may be you shall turn your faces towards it so that the people will have no claim against you except the transgressors among them. Therefore do not fear them, but fear Me instead so that I may complete My blessings upon you and so that you may be guided. 2:150
Quran teaches us we can recite any Quran verse in the Salat. The Quran proof is below.
You shall recite what is revealed to you of the Book and observe the Salat. 29:45
In the above verse we read a clear connection between the recitation of the Quran and observing the Salat.
This verse, They are not all the same; among the people of the Book are an upright nation. They recite God’s revelations during the night while they prostrate. 3:113 speaks of the righteous and how they recite the Scripture while prostrating. Prostration, being one of the positions of the Salat, provides another strong link between reciting from God’s Book during the Salat.
In Surah 20:14 we are told that the Salat is observed for the purpose of commemorating (zhikr) God:
Second: Specific Quran phrases are to be spoken during the Salat. Quran teaches you to say during your Salat Surah 17:111, Praise be to God who has never taken a son, nor did He ever have a partner in sovereignty, nor did He ever have any ally out of weakness. 17:111 The Quran also instructs us to also seek refuge from the devil, When you read the Quran, you shall seek refuge in God from the rejected devil. 16:98 before reciting Quran. You will do this before you start the Salat.
We are instructed to use a moderate tone during the Salat
As many of you may know muslims pray some Salat silent and some Salah out loud when Quran teaches you explicitly to recite Salat out loud in a moderate tone verse. Below is Quran Proof.
[17:110] Say, “Call Him GOD, or call Him the Most Gracious; whichever name you use, to Him belongs the best names.” You shall not utter your Contact Prayers (Salat) too loudly, nor secretly; use a moderate tone.
How Many Salats are to be performed in a day
Quran only prescribes 3 Salat Below are the versus referring to these 3 Salat. There’s no such thing as 5 Salat or 50 Salat which some people do.
The Prayers mentioned by name in the Quran are:
1- Salat Al-Fajr (Dawn Prayer) 24:58
2- Al-Salat Al-Wusta (The Middle Prayer) 2:238
3- Salat Al-Isha (Night Prayer) 24:58
If it is true that God authorised 5 or 50 obligatory Salat per day, then we must inquire as to why there are only 3 names of Salat given in the Quran?
Let us consider a number of options in reply to this question:
1- The names of the other Salat are not in the Quran because the Quran does not contain all the details. This claim is immediately refuted by God’s assurance that the Quran is fully detailed and that nothing has been left out of the Book:
Shall I seek other than God as a law maker when He has brought down to you this Book fully detailed? 6:114
We did not leave anything out of the Book. 6:38
2- God forgot to mention the other two names of Salat! However, God be praised does not forget:
He said, “The knowledge thereof is with my Lord in a record. My Lord does not err, nor does He forget.” 20:52
3- God did not mention the names of the other 2 Salat because they are not as important as the other 3. If some Salat were not important they would not be compulsory, and as a result, to claim that there are five compulsory prayers becomes a false claim.
4- God did not mention the names of the other 2 Salat because God wants us to guess them! Once again this is false. The Quran is unambiguous and is not a book of puzzles:
A.L.R. These are the signs of the clear Book. 12:1
We have made it (the Quran) easy to understand and in your own tongue so that they may take heed. 44:58
5- God does not mention the names of the other 2 Salat because they can be found in the hadith. Once again this is a false claim since we are commanded in the Quran not to believe or follow any hadith other than the Quran:
These are God’s revelations (Quran) that We recite to you truthfully. In which hadith other than God and His revelations (Quran) do they believe? 45:6
It is also a false claim because God assures us in the Quran that the Quran has all the details.
6- God does not mention the names of all the Salat since they came to us through inherited rituals, and because God wants us to follow what we inherited from our parents, even if it is not found in the Quran! This once again is a claim that violates the Quran. In the Quran we are commanded not to follow what we inherited from our parents if it is not clearly found in the Quran:
And when they were told, “Follow what God has brought down (Quran),” they said, “We only follow what we found our fathers upon.” What! Even if their parents did not reason anything and were not guided? 2:170
Salat Positioning and movements
The Quran teaches you how to pray Salat through direct instructions and from an illustrative story from the Quran
The starting position comes from O you who believe, when you rise/stand to observe the Salat, you shall ……. 5:6 – This is a direct instruction.
After the standing position comes the bowing and prostrating.
We appointed for Abraham the location of the House, “Do not associate anything with Me and purify My House for the visitors and those who stand, bow and prostrate.” 22:26 – This is a direct instruction
Muhammad, the messenger of God and those with him are stern with the disbelievers and compassionate amongst one another. You see them bowing and prostrating seeking God’s blessings and approval. 48:29 – This is a direct instruction
With that said we know Salat ends in Prostration.
Then once they have prostrated let them be positioned behind you and let another group, who has not yet observed the Salat, observe the Salat with you while remaining cautious and while holding on to their weapons. 4:102 – An illustrative story from the Quran
The words “once they have prostrated“ indicate clearly that prostration marks the end of the Salat, after which a new group comes to observe their Salat in the place of the first group. There is no mention in 4:102, or anywhere else in the Quran, that the believers should follow prostration by standing once again and repeating the cycle.
Please note that these three Quran physical movements (standing, bowing and prostrating) are not required during the times of emergencies, fear, and unusual circumstances:
If you fear, then on foot, or riding. Then once you are secure, you shall commemorate God as He taught you what you previously did not know. 2:239
How many Raka?
No such thing in the Quran of a Raka. Salat ends after prostration see the above paragraph for Quran Proof.
The Friday Prayer
It is the same as many of you perform today. It is a congregation Salat during Friday and the below Quran verse reveals that.
O you who believe, when the call for the Salat is announced on Friday, you shall hasten to the commemoration of God and drop all business. This is better for you if you only knew. Once the Salat is completed, you shall spread out through the land and seek God’s favor and remember God frequently so that you may succeed. 62:9-10
The words “spread out” imply that there is a congregation or group of people that will disperse or spread out. A single person, on his own, cannot spread out.